Studies on David and Goliath

Goliath was a warrior in the Philistine army. He was from Gath, one of the five cities of the Philistines (Joshua 13:3). When Goliath first appears in the Bible, he was defying the army of Saul, challenging any soldier in Israel’s army to meet him in a fight to decide who would be the victor in the struggle between Israel and the Philistines.

According to the text of 1 Samuel 17, Goliath was killed by David, a musician in Saul’s service. Goliath was a giant, a warrior “the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam” (2 Samuel 21:19).

There is another biblical tradition about Goliath’s death. According to 2 Samuel 21:19, Goliath was killed by Elhanan, one of David’s mighty men.

In the studies below I deal with the problem of who killed Goliath. There are three studies trying to answer this question. In part 3 of my study, I offer a unique interpretation of this problem, one that comes out of a recent archaeological discovery in the Valley of Elah.

Some of the studies also discuss how the NIV deals with the problem. I believe that the NIV is inconsistent in dealing with 2 Samuel 21:19 and the translation of the NIV 2011 is not good.

Studies on David and Goliath

Who Killed Goliath?

Who Killed Goliath? – Part 2

Who Killed Goliath? – Part 3

David and Goliath

The City Where David Killed Goliath

The NIV and the TNIV: Two Bibles with Contradictory Views

The Revised NIV: A Step Backward

Bible Politics and Theological Bias

David and Goliath as Metaphors

Claude Mariottini
Professor of Old Testament
Northern Baptist Seminary

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