Studies on David and Goliath

David and Goliath
by Guido Reni (1607)
Wikimedia Commons

Goliath was a warrior in the Philistine army. He was from Gath, one of the five cities of the Philistines (Joshua 13:3). When Goliath first appears in the Bible, he was defying the army of Saul, challenging any soldier in Israel’s army to meet him in a fight to decide who would be the victor in the struggle between Israel and the Philistines.

According to the text of 1 Samuel 17, Goliath was killed by David, a musician in Saul’s service. Goliath was a giant, a warrior “the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam” (2 Samuel 21:19).

There is another biblical tradition about Goliath’s death. According to 2 Samuel 21:19, Goliath was killed by Elhanan, one of David’s mighty men.

In the studies below I deal with the problem of who killed Goliath. There are three studies trying to answer this question. In part 3 of my study, I offer a unique interpretation of this problem, one that comes out of a recent archaeological discovery in the Valley of Elah.

Some of the studies also discuss how the NIV deals with the problem. I believe that the NIV is inconsistent in dealing with 2 Samuel 21:19 and the translation of the NIV 2011 is not good.

Studies on David and Goliath

Who Killed Goliath?

Who Killed Goliath? – Part 2

Who Killed Goliath? – Part 3

David and Goliath

The City of Gath, Goliath’s Residence

The City Where David Killed Goliath

The NIV and the TNIV: Two Bibles with Contradictory Views

The Revised NIV: A Step Backward

Bible Politics and Theological Bias

David and Goliath as Metaphors

Claude Mariottini
Emeritus Professor of Old Testament
Northern Baptist Seminary

NOTE: Did you like this post? Do you think other people would like to read this post? Be sure to share this post on Facebook and share a link on Twitter or Tumblr so that others may enjoy reading it too!

I would love to hear from you! Let me know what you thought of this post by leaving a comment below. Be sure to like my page on Facebook, follow me on Twitter, follow me on Tumblr, Facebook, and subscribe to my blog to receive each post by email.

If you are looking for other series of studies on the Old Testament, visit the Archive section and you will find many studies that deal with a variety of topics.

This entry was posted in 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, Archaeology, Book of 1 Chronicles, Book of 1 Samuel, Book of 2 Samuel, David, Goliath and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.