Archaeologists have discovered a large wine factory in Iraq dated circa 700 BCE. In addition, the archaeologists discovered several monumental rock-carved royal reliefs. Both the wine press and the royal reliefs are dated to the reign of the Assyrian king Sargon II (722–705 BCE).
In an article published on Yahoo News, the archaeologists involved in the discovery provide information about their discovery:
The carvings, 12 panels measuring five metres (16 feet) wide and two metres tall, show gods, kings and sacred animals. They date from the reigns of Sargon II (721-705 BC) and his son Sennacherib (704-681 BC).
“The scenes represent the Assyrian king praying in front the Assyrian gods,” the archaeologists said, noting that the seven key gods are all seen, including Ishtar, the goddess of love and war, who is depicted on top of a lion.
The team unearthed giant stone basins cut into white rock that were used in commercial wine-making during the reign of Sennacherib, in the late 8th or early 7th century BC.
“We have found 14 installations, that were used to press the grapes and extract the juice, which was then processed into wine.”
The irrigation canal was cut into limestone to carry water from the hills to the fields of farmers, and the carvings were made to remind people of the king who ordered its construction.
“The king, in this way, wanted to show to the people living in the area that he was the one who has created these massive irrigation systems, so . . . the people should remember this and remain loyal.”
These discoveries illustrate the benefit of archaeology in providing the tools for a better understanding of the people of the Bible. Archaeology studies activities of people and how they lived through the recovery of art, tools, clothing, and artifacts. Through the analysis of material culture, archaeologists can recreate and evaluate the life and culture of people who lived in the past.
These findings are important because they reflect one aspect of life in Assyria during the reigns of two important Assyrian kings.
NOTE: For other articles on archaeology, archaeological discoveries, and how they relate to the Bible, read my post Can Archaeology Prove the Bible?.
Emeritus Professor of Old Testament
Northern Baptist Seminary
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