My article on “Sword,” published in the Holman Bible Dictionary, is available online.
Below is an excerpt from the article.
Close-range weapon. The Hebrew word chereb and the Greek word machaira designate either a dagger or a sword. The Hebrew word also designates an iron tool (“axes,” Ezekiel 26:9) or a chisel (“tool,” Exodus 20:25). In Joshua 5:2, the word designates stone knives used in the circumcision of the people of Israel.
Here is the link: “Sword.”
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Professor of Old Testament
Northern Baptist Seminary