The royal tombs of Ur were discovered in the 1920s and 1930s. Ur was an ancient Sumerian city, the place where Abraham and his family lived. Ur was located in what is now southern Iraq.
The site of ancient Ur was excavated by British archaeologist C. Leonard Woolley. Woolley found 1,850 burial sites, most of them intact and well preserved. The royal tombs contained many artifacts, which reflect the royal status of the people buried in the tombs. The jewelry found in the tombs were made of gold and other precious stones.
Mesopotamia is considered the cradle of civilization. According to the biblical text, most of the early human history took place in Mesopotamia.
For a good article dealing with the treasury of the royal tombs of Ur, click here.
Professor of Old Testament
Northern Baptist Seminary