Christians and the Old Testament

Claude Mariottini
Emeritus Professor
of Old Testament
Northern Baptist Seminary

In his article, “The Changing Face of Old Testament Studies,” (Christian Century 109 [October 21, 1992, pp. 932-35]), Christopher Seitz spoke of the problem professors face when teaching the Old Testament to new students in seminaries, divinity schools, and universities. The problem, according to Seitz, is that “students simply don’t have the sort of familiarity with the content of the Bible they once had” (p. 932).

When seminary students approach the study of the Bible today, they do so lacking a “deep-seated, long-nurtured, instinctive, prerational commitment to the Old Testament in its present form.” Seitz gives several reasons for this crisis of “truly momentous importance.” One of them is “the decline of mainstream Protestantism and the strong pulpit associated with it” (p. 933).

By placing some of the blame for this lack of commitment to the Old Testament on the pulpit, Seitz touched a very sensitive area affecting the ministry of the church, for today’s church is facing a crisis of knowledge. This crisis is reflected in the fact that today, the majority of Christians who are involved in the work and ministry of the church, do not know the content and the message of the Old Testament. This ignorance of the content of the Old Testament could be called “a circle of incomprehension” that can severely damage the ministry of the church.

Godfrey E. Phillips, in his book The Old Testament in the World Church (London: Lutterworth Press, 1942), describes how the Old Testament was studied in China. He tells the story of a Chinese pastor who made a statement that reflects the same attitude that exists among the present generation of Christians. That pastor said: “Intending missionaries or evangelists waste their time if they spend a lot of it studying the Old Testament…. The Old Testament teaching given in theological colleges in China is, in the experience of most students, devoid of interest or value for their after work. Reading the Old Testament is like eating a large crab; it turns out to be mostly shell, with very little meat in it…. We don’t need to start with Moses and Elijah. It is enough to teach men about God as Jesus taught or revealed him” (p. 23).

Several years ago, Christianity Today published an article in which Richard Morgan severely criticized the scandal of biblical illiteracy that prevails in the churches. Morgan presented the results of a test given to 150 freshmen in a Christian college. These students were selected because they were active members of evangelical churches and because they grew up going to church. The result of the test re-emphasizes the facts that today’s church is facing a crisis of knowledge. What Morgan discovered almost a half century ago, has been compounded and intensified in recent times.

The answers that students gave to the questions on the test were startling. The history of Abraham was found in the book of Ruth. The greatest event described in the Old Testament was the Roman persecution. The Exodus was the return of the Jews to Palestine after World War II. Jesus gave the Ten Commandments to Israel on the Mount of Olives. Some of the Wisdom books of the Old Testament are: the Book of Acts, Paradise Lost, and The Lord of the Flies. Genesis was the first Gospel; the name of the Hebrew heroine who saved the Jews from the hands of Haman was Joan of Arc. The mother-in-law of Ruth was Mary Magdalene and her famous great-grandson was Noah. Jesus was baptized in the Red Sea, was betrayed by Samson, and died in Bethlehem.

These answers may not reflect the intellectual abilities of those students, but they reflect the crisis facing the church today. The answers indicate that there is a lack of adequate biblical knowledge among church members and this biblical illiteracy may betray the kind of religious education churches are offering to their members. In describing the problem of biblical illiteracy, Seitz asked: “What happened to Sunday School, Bible reading at home or knowing a thing by heart?” (p. 933).

What is the source of this unfamiliarity with the Old Testament found among church people today? As Seitz suggests in his article, one reason for this problem is the lack of strong pulpits in today’s church. When ministers do not know the Old Testament, when they do not preach or teach from the Old Testament, then the church is in trouble, for the attitude of ministers is eventually transmitted to the people who listen to them regularly.

One of the goals of my web page is to promote an appreciation of the Old Testament as an integral part of the Bible. The Bible does not begin with the Gospel of Matthew; it begins with the Book of Genesis. In addition, I hope readers of my blog will learn more about the Old Testament through interaction. Read my articles and book reviews, ask questions, react to what I write and I promise you that in the end, your knowledge of God’s Word will grow and you will come to love the Old Testament as much as I do.

Claude Mariottini
Emeritus Professor of Old Testament
Northern Baptist Seminary

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12 Responses to Christians and the Old Testament

  1. Jose ML. Quirós Guevara says:

    Buen comentarios acerca de la carencia en la iglesia al tratar la importancia del AT. En lo personal, leo este post desde Costa Rica en donde se mueve mucho el pentecostalismo, movimiento que promueve mucho el auge de nuevos profetas y apóstoles (si el llamado es de Dios o no eso no lo puedo evaluar), y para lograr sus objetivos se basan mucho el pocos pasajes del AT que tienen que ver con profecías y allí se concentra la mayor parte de su mensaje, es sabido que los pentecostales toman para si los pasajes del AT aunque estén dirigidos a otra audiencia y lo aplican a su discreción.
    en fin, ese tratamiento al AT distorsiona la verdadera enseñanza del AT más el abandono a las Escuelas dominicales.


    • José,

      Gracias por tu comentario. El problema que hay en Costa Rica existe en muchos otros países. La mayoría de las iglesias pentecostales enfatizan más el emocionalismo que el conocimiento de la Biblia.

      Pero, una gran verdad: muchas iglesias hoy en día no enseñan el Antiguo Testamento a sus miembros porque dicen que son una iglesia del Nuevo Testamento. Pero la Iglesia del Nuevo Testamento solo tenía el Antiguo Testamento.

      Otra triste verdad: la mayoría de los pastores de hoy rara vez predican del Antiguo Testamento. El púlpito es una de las muchas razones por las que hay analfabetismo bíblico en la iglesia de hoy.

      He estado pensando en publicar mis publicaciones en español. ¿Crees que la gente en América Latina leería mis publicaciones?

      Claude Mariottini


      • Jose ML. Quirós Guevara says:

        Buenos días Sr. Mariottini, en respuesta a su consulta, si creo conveniente la publicación de sus comentarios para latinos, me parece estupenda idea, de hecho muchas de sus publicaciones las desvío algunos de mis familiares que comparten la fe, la ventaja que tenemos es que Gloogle traduce el tema, y podemos asimilar bastante bien el contenido, si se tradujera directo sería mucho mejor y estaríamos agradecidos de poder seguir sus aportes y sus enseñanzas acerca del Antiguo Testamento. Nacimos y crecimos en el evangelio pentecostal y de hecho pensamos por mucho tiempo que era la única forma de hacer iglesia, luego nos relacionamos con varios hermanos de la iglesia reformada y aprendimos sobre distintos puntos de vista que nos enmarcan y nos distancia, a pesar de compartir un mismo Salvador, luego llevé varios cursos de teología con el Mints (MINTS INTERNATIONAL SEMINARY) y fue muy gratificante. Saludos


      • José,

        Muchas personas en América Latina leen mis posts todos los días. Miles de personas de América Latina leen mis posts cada año. Estoy seguro de que muchos más leerían mis posts si yo pudiera publicarlas en español. El traductor de Google es útil, pero necesita el toque humano para que la traducción sea legible para el lector nativo.

        Ya que el español es mi tercer idioma, ¿estaría dispuesto a ayudarme con la publicación de los posts en español? Si es así, podemos discutir cómo se podría lograr esto.

        Claude Mariottini


      • Jose Quiros Guevara says:

        Buenas tardes Sr. Mariottini, sería un honor poder ayudar a difundir las verdades bíblicas tocantes al Antiguo Testamento, solo necesito discutir cómo lograr tal objetivo. Saludos ________________________________


      • José,

        Envíame un email a Déjame explicarte lo que tengo en mente y déjame saber lo que piensas sobre mi idea.

        Claude Mariottini


  2. Bob Lewis says:

    Do you have any posts on Ezekiel?


    • Bob,

      Yes, I do, but not many. In 2023 I am planning to add several studies on Ezekiel.

      To find the studies on Ezekiel, go to the sidebar, search for special topics, write Ezekiel. There are 4 studies on Ezekiel.

      Happy Thanksgiving.

      Claude Mariottini


  3. Trish says:

    I see this on an Australian game show where young contestants give ridiculous answers to questions about OT figures. Often they just answer “Jesus”. The game show is “Mastermind”! Older contestants fare better. How can we convince government schools to teach OT history in a largely secular country?


    • Trish,

      The problem of biblical illiteracy is found everywhere. Secular countries like Australia, the USA, and most European countries refuse to teach Old Testament history because they believe it is indoctrination and as a result, most people are ignorant about the facts of ancient Israel. Unfortunately, even the church fails to teach the Old Testament to their members.

      Claude Mariottini


  4. bobmacdonald says:

    The problem is not just the fact of ignorance. The Old Testament is filled with beauty end to end. It is a love song. Missing it is a great tragedy.

    Liked by 1 person

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