National Geographic is announcing that parts of a temple dating to the reign of pharaoh Ramses II have been discovered inside a mosque in Luxor, Egypt.
The following is an excerpt from the news report:
Experts restoring the historic mosque uncovered sections of columns, capitals, and elaborately inscribed reliefs from one of the ancient temple’s courtyards built around 1250 B.C.
The previously concealed architectural elements reveal well-preserved hieroglyphics and unique scenes depicting the powerful pharaoh.
Among the most important scenes are those that feature Ramses II offering the sun god Amun Re two obelisks to be installed at the temple’s front facade. One of those obelisks still stands at the temple, and the other is now at the Place de la Concorde in Paris.
Another relief shows three statues of Ramses II wearing his traditional white crown.
Experts say the carved inscriptions provide some of best examples of cryptographic or enigmatic writing, an unusual form of hieroglyphic text in which each glyph could stand for an entire word, phrase, or concept.
For additional information read the article, “Islam Meets Ancient Egypt: The Mosque Hidden Inside Luxor’s Iconic Temple” by Sara Ahmed.
NOTE: For other studies on the history and archaeology of Egypt, read my post Egypt, The Land of the Pharaohs.
Emeritus Professor of Old Testament
Northern Baptist Seminary
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