Marijuana and Archaeology

It is amazing how the teachings of the Old Testament are used to justify the wrong actions of people. By taking a biblical text out of its context, a person can prove anything.

Now, people are using archaeology to justify the use of marijuana. Take for example, the case of Dan and Mary Quaintance, members of the Church of Cognizance in Pima, New Mexico. The Quaintances were arrested recently by New Mexico police because they were caught with 172 pounds of marijuana in their possession.

In their own defense, they said marijuana was necessary for them to practice their Zoroastrian faith. In defending their use of marijuana, Mr. Quaintance said:

“Archaeology has shown a correlation between cannabis and the Tree of Life in the Bible.”

In denying that Dan and Mary Quaintance were members of the Zoroastrian faith, Mr. Rustom Kevala, president of the Federation of Zoroastrian Associations of North America, said marijuana has never been a part of the religious practices of Zoroastrianism.

In addition, Mr. Parizad Patel-Pascuicco, secretary of the Zoroastrian Association of Arizona, said: “One of the crucial aspects of the Zoroastrian religion is that members are fire-worshippers and are forbidden to even light a cigarette, much less use drugs.”

This issue of marijuana in the Garden of Eden has great relevance for society today. If the Tree of Life in Genesis was marijuana, then we must ask ourselves this important question: Did Adam get to smoke a joint while he was in the Garden of Eden?

Again, if the Tree of Life was marijuana, then the answer to the question above is obvious. In Genesis 3:22-23 we read:

Then the Lord God said, “Look, the human beings have become like us, knowing both good and evil. What if they reach out, take fruit from the tree of life, and eat it? Then they will live forever!” So the Lord God banished them from the Garden of Eden.

This verse clearly teaches that Adam never ate from the tree of life. So, contrary to Mr. Quaintance’s theology, Adam never had the opportunity to touch any tree belonging to genus Canna (Cannabis).

Again, if the Tree of Life was marijuana, then, people who smoke marijuana should notice this important lesson from Genesis: God banished Adam from the Garden of Eden so that he should not touch marijuana (the Tree of Life). Do you think people will learn this lesson? Probably not!

I have another question: Who was the archaeologist that came to the conclusion that the Tree of Life was Cannabis? Maybe that archaeologist saw Paradise while he was smoking the Tree of Life.
Read the article, Church of Cognizance out of line with zoroastrian religion, written by Adam Gaub and learn more about Zoroastrianism by clicking here.

Claude Mariottini
Professor of Old Testament
Northern Baptist Seminary

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8 Responses to Marijuana and Archaeology

  1. Terry says:

    Greetings Claud,

    RE: Cannabis and the Holy Oil!! I welcome you to review my website I am the producer of the New Film “The Fire Baptism and the Lost Sacraments”Many early Christian writers talk about the anointing with Gods Holy Oil as how we are called Christians. Few are aware that the Holy Oil in Exodus 30:23 contains 6 pounds of marijuana.I offer an excerpt of the text:Cannabis in the Holy Oil??The original Hebrew for calamus, is Kaneh-bosem or Qaneh (Kaw-naw) Bosm. Some translations have this as “fragrant cane” or “aromatic cane.” Some researchers have argued that this is actually Sweet Cane or Sugar Cane, although the term sweet does not occur in the original manuscripts. In the Hebrew terms such as Elohim (Pronounced El- Oh- Heem ) is rendered plural. So in the Hebrew Kaneh-bosem is also plural. The singular then is rendered Kaneh-bos. Kaneh-Bos sounds remarkably close to the modern day word Cannabis. Could it be that cannabis was the plant given by God to be used in the Holy Anointing Oil? Cannabis has certainly been cultivated since the beginning of recorded history. Its uses for rope, sails and rigging into ancient times are well documented. Imagine the amount of cannabis rope it would have taken to construct the Temple of Solomon. What other way was there to construct ropes at that time, which could lift the weights of not only the Temple of Solomon, but in fact, the Pyramids themselves. Cannabis was thought to be an Indo-European word specifically of Scythian Origin. The Scythians were largely responsible for the spread of cannabis into Europe. The Scythe, was an invention of the Scythians, used for the harvest of cannabis. This has come to us in the legends of the “Grim Reaper” Herodotus, an early Greek ethnographer, in the 5th Century BC wrote of the Scythians and their use of cannabis. The Scythians as they were known by the Greeks, were known, by the Semites as the Ashkenaz. Among the earliest references to Ashkenaz people is found in Genesis 10:3 where Ashkenaz was listed as the son of Gomer, the great Grandson of Noah. The Sythians lived around and traded with the Semites at least as early as 600 BC. Zoroaster the prophet of the Ancient Magi, whose kings followed the Star of Bethlehem based on the ancient prophesies, used a drink called Haoma which has been documented to contain cannabis. As early as 1925 experts have argued that, both the Assyrians and the Babylonians, used Cannabis in their temple incense, Circa 500 BC. In 1993, the Albany New York Times Union reported, that the first physical evidence that Marijuana was used as a medicine in the ancient Mideast, was found. The Israeli scientists found residue of marijuana along with the skeleton of a girl who had died 1600 years before. In this press release, researchers from the Hebrew University, stated that references to marijuana as a medicine are seen as far back as 1,600 BC in Egyptian, Assyrian, Greek, and Roman Writings. If you actually buy the Calamus translation for the Holy Oil, then you assume that God specified in Exodus 30:23 a drug commonly known as Ecstasy. Calamus contains an ingredient called aserone. This is a hallucinogen which is metabolized in the liver as trimethoxyamphetamine or ecstasy. The Middle Eastern version of this plant is far more toxic than it`s North American Cousin. This is deadly to flies and other insects.The Exodus 30:23 reference refers to sweet Calamus. If you look at this in the Strong’s concordance where they spell this as qaneh rather than kaneh, they pronounce this as Kaw-Naw, a reed, calamus, and cane are listed as possible translations. The term sweet used in Exodus 30:23 in Hebrew is Bosem. According to the Webster’s New World Hebrew Dictionary, Bosem is perfume; scent. The Concordance: the Hebrew is Bosem #1314, fragrance, by impl. spicery; also the balsam plant:—-smell, spice, sweet (odour). In some Bibles sweet calamus is translated as aromatic or fragrant Cane. It is where the bosem is fused to the word kaneh or qaneh that the cannabis translation becomes apparent. So then to pronounce this we have kaw-naw-bosem, and is spelled in English qaneh-bosem or kaneh-bosem.In 1936, Sara Benetowa, later Known as Sula Benet, an etymologist from the Institute of Anthropological Sciences, in Warsaw wrote a treatise, “Tracing One Word Through Different Languages.” This was a study on the word Cannabis, based on a study of the oldest Hebrew texts. Although the word cannabis was thought to be of Scythian origin, Benet’s research showed it had an earlier root in the Semitic Languages such as Hebrew. Benet demonstrated that the ancient Hebrew word for Cannabis is Kaneh -Bosem. She also did another study called Early Diffusion and Folk Uses of Hemp. There is a reprint of this in Cannabis and Culture ISBN:90-279-7669-4. On page 44, she states, “The sacred character of hemp in biblical times is evident from Exodus 30:23, where Moses was instructed by God to anoint the meeting tent and all of its furnishings with specially prepared oil, containing hemp.” On page 41 Sula Benet writes, : In the course of time, the two words kaneh and bosem were fused into one , kanabos or kannabus know to us from the Mishna. According to the Webster’s New World Hebrew Dictionary, page 607 the Hebrew for hemp is kanabos. Sara Benetowa discovered that the Kaneh-Bosm or Cannabis is mentioned 5 times in the Old Testament. The first occurrence appears in the Holy Anointing Oil as Calamus, (Exodus 30:23). Sara argued that the translation of Calamus was a mistranslation which occurred in the oldest Bible the “Septuagint” and the mistranslation was copied in later versions. But what is the effect to the baptism?You may argue that the Anointing with the cannabis based oil has no redeeming value. I would like to point out that all Orthodox Churches practice the Chrism anointing. What started me into The Fire Baptism and the Lost Sacraments is that not one Church uses the Holy Anointing Oil as described in Exodus 30:23 even with the Calamus translation.The Bible is very clear that this was the only oil to be used. This shall be a “holy anointing oil” unto me throughout your generations. Whosoever compoundeth any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people. Exodus 30:31-33 Christ in the Greek, and the Messiah in Hebrew, means “the anointed ” For Jesus to receive the title “Christ”, he must have been anointed with the Holy Anointing Oil or Nazer Oil, as given to Moses in Exodus 30:23. The only scriptural reference to Jesus being anointed is in Bethany. But this is a record of Jesus being anointed with a Spikenard Oil. This would not convey the title Christ. The title “Christ” was only given by someone who is anointed with the Holy Anointing Oil or Nazer Oil, as described in Exodus 30:23. Some early Gnostic Christians teachings held that Jesus was not made Christ with an earthly oil, but in fact anointed by God in heaven. For the Father anointed the Son, and the Son anointed the Apostles, and the Apostles anointed us. Gospel of Phillip If Jesus was called “Christ” by receiving the Holy Anointing Oil, how are we to be called Christians? One would assume that we must also be anointed with the same, Holy Anointing Oil, or Nazar Oil, as described in Exodus 30:23. The Chrism or (anointing) is superior to baptism, for it is from the word chrism that we are called Christians. Gospel of Phillip. “Are you unwilling to be anointed with the Oil of God? Wherefore we are called Christians on this account, because we are anointed with the oil of God.” Theophilus of Antioch (181AD) Well Claude I hope you have found this interesting. Perhaps it gives new meaning to the term “False Anointed”. Perhaps Revelation 7 and the return of the Seal of God will take place.


    Terry Winger


  2. Terry,

    Thank you for your very interesting email. Your email deserves a more detailed response. Because of my seminary work, I am unable to give a detailed response to your email now. Please, return in about 2 weeks and I will post a response on my blog.Thank you for your good email. And thank you for visiting my blog.

    Claude Mariottini


  3. Anonymous says:

    this is so crazy even if the holy oil had 5000 lbs of Cannabis, the bible clearly states the oil is only used for king annoiting and used by levites in temple service, any one else darn use it, shall be banished from God’s people forever. learn to read the bible folks, and get the facts first. the use of cannabis would easily not been used by normally jews. so I busted the theory, sorry folks to brust your bubble.


  4. Dear Friend,

    I agree with you. I am still planning to respond to Terry Winger because her view of marijuana in the Bible is completely wrong. I have not had the time yet to respond to what she wrote but I will soon.Thank you for visiting my blog.

    Claude Mariottini


  5. Anonymous says:

    I fail to see how normal Jews not using the oil “busted the theory,” or should i say “brust your bubble.”And Mr. Claude, what an excellent response! It makes it so very clear how Terry Winger’s view of marijuana in the Bible is completely wrong.


  6. Dear Friend,

    Thank you for your comment. I agree with you that Winger’s view on marijuana is wrong.

    Claude Mariottini


  7. Claude, you have had years to respond to Winger’s view. It appears that between your blog entry and Terry’s response, Terry’s argument is well researched as opposed to yours. When you look at the evidence, it is obvious that the “Messiah” was anointed by holy oil that contains cannabis. Apostolics or Pentecostals (baptist rivals) have the idea of Christianity right but are missing the holy oil to actually experience the holy spirit. Without the cannabis oil, your version of Christianity is watered down and unreal. I am glad Terry wrote the response above and I still await your response to it.


    • Friend,

      You are right. I never posted my answer to Terry’s comment. Since her comment has been left unanswered, I will post my response in a few days (after I return from my trip) in the form of a post.

      Thank you for reminding me that I needed to answer Terry’s comment.

      Claude Mariottini


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